GET A TEMPORARY RESIDENCE PERMIT IN PORTUGAL
International individuals who wish to work and stay for longer than 90 days in Portugal may apply for a Portugal residence permit. The residence permit is usually long-term, from one year up to three years. You may be eligible for different types of permits depending on the reason why you are moving to Portugal and how long you plan to stay.
What Is a Portugal Residence Permit?
A Portugal residence permit is an official authorization that lets third-country nationals work and lives in Portugal. Generally speaking, Portugal issues two different types of permits:
- Residency Visas
- Residence Permits
These visas are always short-term, usually only 3 or 4 months. They are issued by a Portuguese Embassy for the sole purpose of granting the applicant entry into Portugal before registering as a resident. Once a foreigner enters Portugal with their residency visa they have four months to register at the Immigration and Borders Service (SEF) to get their residence permit.
These permits are temporary, usually valid for a year, and can be renewed annually depending on how long the applicant needs to stay in Portugal. Holders of a temporary permit can switch to a permanent residence permit when they have lived in Portugal for at least five years.
Permanent permits are available to those who wish to continue living indefinitely in Portugal; those who don’t plan to do so can continue extending their temporary permit.
Types of Portugal Residence Permits
Here is a list of different types of Portugal residence permits:
- Residence permit for work purposes.
- Residence permit for study purposes.
- Residence permit for family reunification.
- Special residence permit.
Portugal Residence Permit for Work
You can receive a Portuguese residence permit for work if you have secured employment in Portugal. In order to qualify for this residence permit, the job position you applied for must have not been filled by an EU national within the last month.
When you want to apply for the permit your employer must start the application for the work permit at the Portuguese Labor Authorities. Afterward, you apply for a visa at the local embassy in your country of residence.
Once you have been granted a residency (entry) visa, you must travel to Portugal, where you can apply for a residence permit at the Immigration and Borders Service (SEF). Your first residence permit is issued for a year, but it can be extended according to your needs and your employment contract.
In terms of work permits there are several types depending on the work you will be doing:
- Work Visa for Skilled Workers.
- Work Visa for Highly-Skilled Workers.
- Work Visa for Self-Employment.
- Work Visa for Cultural Activities.
- “Tech” Visa.
- Work Visa for Teaching.
- D7 Passive Income Visa
Portugal Residence Permit for Study Purposes
A residence permit for students in Portugal is given to international students outside the EU who have been accepted into an educational institution in Portugal. This permit is also valid for a year and can be renewed every year for the duration of your study program.
If you want to stay in Portugal after you finish your studies you must have a job so you can switch to a Portugal work visa.
Portugal Residence Permit for Family Reunification
You must apply for this type of residence permit if you want to move to Portugal to join a close family member who is either a resident in Portugal or a citizen. A family member includes:
- A spouse or a registered partner.
- A minor child (biological or adopted).
- A child of age but who is dependent on the Portuguese resident.
- A direct descendant who is dependent on the resident.
The permit is valid for the same amount of time as the residence permit of the Portuguese resident. In cases of partners who have been married for 5 years then the permit initially is valid for two years and then it can be renewed every three years. The holders of this permit can work freely and study in Portugal and after five years they can apply for permanent residence.
Special Residence Permit for Portugal
A Portugal residence permit can be issued based on specific situations. These all depend on the unique situation of the applicant, however, some of the most common types of special situations residence permits include:
- Residence permits for individuals who suffer from health conditions requiring prolonged medical care.
- Residence permits for individuals who have completed military service in the Portuguese Armed Forces.
- Residence permits for minors, born in national territory to foreign parents who are holders of residence permits.
- Residence permit children of resident permit holders, who have reached the age of majority and remained on a regular basis in the national territory from the age of 10.
- Residence permits for individuals of age who were born in the national territory and never left the territory, or who remained in Portugal from before they were 10.
Portugal Residence Permit Requirements
These are the documents you need to prepare when you apply for a Portugal residence permit:
- Valid passport.
- Two recent identity pictures.
- Application form (when initially applying for your residency visa).
- Valid residence visa (the 3-4 month-long visa before you apply for your permit).
- Evidence of sufficient financial means.
- Proof of accommodation.
- Health insurance or supporting evidence he/she is covered by the National Health Service.
- Family certificate (if applicable).
- Criminal certificate.
- Parental consent (if applicable).
- Employment contract.
- Acceptance letter from university (student visa).
- Paid tuition fees (student visa).
Please remember that your documents need to be translated into either English or Portuguese if they are not already, and some documents may require legalization. Make sure to check with the embassy before you apply.
How to Apply for a Portuguese Residence Permit?
This is how you apply for a Portuguese residence permit:
- Apply for visa residency.
- Apply for the residence permit.
Apply for the visa residency
Before applying for a permit you first need a residency visa which allows you to enter Portugal for the purpose of gaining a residency permit. The residency visa is valid for four months and it allows for double entry. The processing time for a residency visa is 60 days.
You must lodge your application at a Portugal embassy/consulate in your country. Before you do so you have to make an appointment with the embassy, you can either write an email or visit the embassy personally to schedule the appointment.
Make sure you assemble all the required documents, and the visa application form before you hand in your application. Also, you may be asked to sit for an interview at the embassy.
In cases where you want to apply for a residence permit on the basis of work or family reunification, your employer and your family member must submit an initial application at SEF or at the Portuguese Labor Authorities for you. In this case, the application requirements will vary depending on whether you want a Portugal work visa or a family visa.
Apply for the residence permit
Once you have a residency visa you can freely enter Portugal and then apply for your residency permit. You have to apply at SEF for your residence permit and also register for your social security number at a registration office.
Don’t forget that you have only four months before your residency visa expires; you must visit SEF and the registration office before that time.
Benefits of the Portugal Residence Permit
There are several benefits you gain as a holder of a Portugal residence permit:
- Visa-free access to the EEA/EU and Schengen Area.
- Access to the workforce.
- Unlimited access to education.
- Access to the Portuguese healthcare system.
- Unemployment benefits (in case you lose your job).
- The option to bring over other family members.
- The option to become a Portuguese citizen.
How Long is a Residence Permit for Portugal Valid?
The first residence permit is usually valid for a year. You have to renew your permit yearly, and after the first year, your permit may be extended to a two-year permit.
After five years of temporary residence permits, you can switch to a permanent residence permit.
A residence permit for study purposes is valid for the same amount as the length of your study program, but you must also extend it yearly and once your study program is over your permit is no longer valid. You cannot switch to permanent residency with a student permit.
The cost of obtaining a temporary residence permit in Portugal depends on the scope of services provided by our migration lawyers.