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Fictitious transactions in family matters. What are the reasons for fictitious transactions? What are the nuances?


The topic of fictitious transactions has always been one of my favorites. Such cases are very interesting and difficult. And there are such transactions in all branches of law, and family law is no exception.

Clients often ask for help to recognize a transaction as fictitious, due to the fact that it had certain consequences, which the person concluding it did not expect, or the rights of a third party or one of the parties to the transaction were violated.

We have all heard about fictitious marriages, fictitious divorces, fictitious contracts. But this is not the whole list, and there are a number of others that probably not everyone has heard of:

?- fictitious division of property;
?- fictitious adoption;
? – recognition of paternity and even fictitious recovery of alimony.

What are the reasons for concluding such transactions?

As for marriage, it is no secret that even in Soviet times, people who married were given coupons for the purchase of scarce goods, all sorts of benefits, vouchers to the sanatorium, housing and provided other benefits. Although times have changed, the relevance of such a fictitious act as marriage has not lost its relevance today. Marriage helps to obtain a residence permit or citizenship, temporary registration, to seize the property of an elderly person after his death, to receive various benefits from state or municipal services or the status of a married woman, a married man for certain purposes.

Since the amount of alimony is affected by the presence of other children in custody, a court decision to collect alimony for another child is one of the schemes to reduce the amount of alimony. That is, the ex-husband agrees with his current civilian wife that she should go to court with a fictitious statement to collect child support. The purpose of such an agreement is not to receive alimony for maintenance, but the presence of a document that confirms the additional payments of the person in order to further reduce the amount of alimony.

Husbands of the mothers of their illegitimate child often decide on fictitious paternity. Because acknowledging the paternity of the wife’s illegitimate child is a much simpler procedure than adoption.

Unfortunately, there are also cases of fictitious adoption. They are ready to do this for the sake of obtaining citizenship or the same benefits and allowances. In order to obtain certain material benefits, fictitious guardianship, fictitious foster care and many other fictitious acts also appear.

At the same time, recognizing a transaction as fictitious is a very subtle and complicated procedure.

The difficulty in proving the fictitiousness of a transaction is the parties’ non-recognition of their fictitious intentions and their mutual silence, for example, when a third party who failed to “take for debts” property that was fictitiously donated goes to court to invalidate the transaction. Or the fictitiousness of intentions cannot be proved due to the real consequences of such fictitious transactions. After all, an important factor in recognizing a transaction as fictitious is the lack of intention to create the legal consequences that were due to this transaction

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