A statement about a crime or how to open a criminal case? What is worth knowing?
What to do when criminal acts have been committed against you?
Most people know that if they have been charged with a crime, they should report it to the police.
According to the majority of the population, special knowledge is not required to write a statement about a crime and the help of a lawyer is not required.
However, as a rule, this position changes dramatically when a month after the filing of a crime report, a letter is received from the police department, according to which the person’s application was considered in accordance with the Law of Ukraine “On Citizens’ Appeals” and / or insufficient grounds were established. , which would indicate the presence in the actions of the person / persons signs of a criminal offense, in connection with which refused to enter information in the Unified Register of pre-trial investigations, and, accordingly, refused to initiate a pre-trial investigation.
Below is an example of a classic “reply” of a law enforcement agency:
“According to paragraph 4 of Part 5 of Art. 214 of the CPC of Ukraine, information entered on the basis of an application or notification must have a summary of the circumstances that may indicate the commission of a criminal offense.
In accordance with Part 1 of Art. 2 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, the basis of criminal liability is the commission by a person of a socially dangerous act that contains a crime under the Criminal Code of Ukraine.
According to the results of consideration of the appeal, objective circumstances that may indicate the commission of criminal offenses by individual officers of the National Police of Ukraine have not been established, therefore, there are no grounds for entering information into the Unified Register of Pre-trial Investigations. ”
Such refusals by law enforcement are the first barrier after which half of the victims “drop their hands” and stop fighting for their rights.
However, such actions of law enforcement agencies violate the requirements of Art. 214 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine, which by its legal nature is unalterable and obliges the investigator, coroner, prosecutor immediately, but not later than 24 hours after filing the application, notification of a criminal offense to enter relevant information into the Unified Register of pre-trial investigations investigation and within 24 hours from the moment of entering such information to provide the applicant with an extract from the Unified Register of Pre-trial Investigations.
In our opinion, which is based on a systematic analysis of current case law, the statement of the crime should contain:
?name of law enforcement agency, address;
?information (personal data) about the identity of the applicant (victim), address ?accommodation, contact telephone number;
?description of the event of the criminal offense: time, place, manner of commission (action or omission), etc .;
?type and amount of damage caused by a criminal offense, if any;
?information about the person / persons who have committed or may be involved in the commission of a criminal offense;
?information about persons who were or could be witnesses of criminal acts;
?preliminary legal qualification of criminal acts or omissions in view of the Criminal Code of Ukraine;
Indication of the duty of the investigator, prosecutor to enter information into the ERDR on the basis of the application within 24 hours from the date of submission in accordance with the requirements of Art. 214 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine;
?list of materials, attached documents.
At the same time, in our opinion, it is better to entrust the writing of a statement of crime to an experienced lawyer, who, in addition to summarizing the circumstances that may indicate the commission of a criminal offense, will also give the necessary description of the objective features of the crime.
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